Ramadan is the most sacred month in the Islamic calendar. It is observed with respect all across the world. In addition to observing fasts, several types of donations are made to help fellow Muslims who belong to underprivileged communities. Making these donations can be a bit challenging for those living in western countries. So, let’s take a look at how Muslims in the UK can donate in Ramadan 2022.
Types of Donations in Ramadan
Several types of donations are made during Ramadan. Some of them are mandatory, while others are voluntary. Let’s take a look at them.
Zakat is mandatory almsgiving that individuals who possess a certain sum of assets must pay. It is paid on an annual basis when the monetary value of total assets exceeds a specific limit. Only assets that have been in your possession for at least one lunar year need to be considered for paying Zakat. Although Islam has not designated any date or month for paying Zakat, most Muslims pay it during Ramadan. The Zakat is distributed among eligible individuals and families.
Fitarana is a donation that is paid at the end of Ramadan. It is mandatory for each adult member of the family. If someone is not unable to pay it, the family’s head pays it. The rate of Fitarana depends on the type of meals a family usually consumes. For example, it is different for families that mostly eat wheat compared to those that eat rice.
Muslim scholars release the rate of Fitarana based on multiple diets at the start of Ramadan. You can find out about it from local clerics or on the internet. Unlike Zakat, the government is not involved in the collection and distribution of Fitrana. Hence, most people have to distribute it themselves.
Observing fasts during Ramadan is mandatory for healthy Muslim adults. However, Islam has specified several conditions under which it can be pardoned. These include people with advanced age, health conditions, pregnancy, and those that are traveling. Most of these people observe fasts later on when they can do so. But some of them are not healthy enough for that so these people are obligated to pay Fidya. Like Fitarana, the rate of Fidya also keeps changing and scholars release it at the start of Ramadan.
Kaffara is paid by those who miss a fast without a reason or make their fast invalid. Since it is only applicable on mandatory fasts, it is paid only during Ramadan. There are several methods to pay Kaffara but the most convenient one is to feed at least 60 deserving people.
Sadaqah is a voluntary charity made by Muslims around the year but its frequency increases during Ramadan. Hence, during the sacred month of Ramadan, thousands of donations are made in the form of Sadaqah.
Where to Donate?
Donations can be made either directly to deserving individuals and families or indirectly via charitable organizations.
For making a direct donation one has to scrutinize individuals and families to make sure they are eligible for donations. If a close relative is deserving, one can donate to them.
Indirect donations are made to deserving families via charitable organizations. It is not just convenient, but charitable organizations usually work for big causes and can make a greater impact. For example, NGOs like Transparent Hands tag patients who are eligible for Zakat. Most of these organizations run a complete background check to ensure they are eligible. Plus, almost all of them have online payment systems to make the process more convenient.
Charitable Organizations in the UK
While making donations like Zakat, donors must ensure that the organization fulfills all the conditions put forth by Islam. The most important of these conditions is that Zakat must be distributed as per Islamic principles. You can pay Zakat to the following organizations this Ramadan:
- Transparent Hands
- Muslim Hands UK
- Islamic Relief UK
- Muslim Aid
- Muslim Global Relief
All of these organizations accept online donations.
NGOs like Transparent Hands provide people in developed countries like the UK with a way to help fellow Muslims in developing countries. Transparent Hands provides free surgeries and medical treatments to deserving patients in Pakistan. We also set up free medical camps in remote and underprivileged areas across the country. You can save lives by paying Zakat to Transparent Hands this Ramadan.