Hyperglycemia refers to high sugar levels in the blood. Here, the word sugar refers to glucose. This is all most of us know about hyperglycemia, without ever bothering to understand why glucose levels rise in blood or what can be the consequences of this condition. We see that you have taken a step towards understanding the matter better and we will not disappoint you! In this discussion, we are going to highlight all the important aspects of hyperglycemia. Plenty on offer to learn from this discussion “Control Blood Sugar Levels”, we can promise you that!
Causes & Symptoms of High Blood Sugar Levels
There are several reasons for higher blood sugar levels. Some of these include eating too many carbs, skipping glucose-controlling medicines like insulin, infections, stress, and participating in physical activities. What may cause hyperglycemia in one person might not cause in another, the reasons may vary from person to person. Like causes, symptoms of hyperglycemia can vary from one person to another as well. However, some of the most commonly reported symptoms include thirst, headache, blurry vision, fatigue, and alarming weight loss. Of course, higher readings on a glucometer are indicative of the condition itself as well.
The complications that arise because of hyperglycemia are classified into two categories. Long-term complications and short-term complications. In this section of the discussion, we talk about both of these sets briefly.
Long-term complications include cardiovascular diseases, bone and joint problems normally. However, that is not all though. Neuropathy i.e. nerve damage is one of the key complications that give rise to further health issues. Similarly, damage to retinal blood vessels can lead to complete loss of vision in the longer run. Some of the other hyperglycemic complications include teeth and gum infections, cataracts, and skin infections in the feet that can lead to amputation in the worst-case scenario.
Short-term complications include diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state. The former is a condition that refers to insulin deficiency in the body, which results in the production of acidic fat bodies known as ketones. The latter refers to a state in which blood sugar levels become too high because produced insulin doesn’t work properly. The ultimate result is increased urination. In worst-case scenarios, this condition can lead to life-threatening dehydration as well.
Blood Sugar Levels in Numbers
Blood sugar levels less than 140 mg/dL are deemed normal. But exercising caution is still important, so any deviation from the healthy routine might have dire consequences eventually. On the other hand, a blood sugar level reading of more than 200 mg/dL after two hours indicates diabetes. A reading between 140 and 199 mg/dL indicates pre-diabetes, a condition in which blood sugar levels are higher than normal are but still are not deemed characteristic of diabetes. One must make changes to lifestyle if these numbers persist. It is pertinent to mention here that these numbers are valid for adults but are subject to variation with advancing years. It is advisable to further research the blood sugar levels that are deemed normal for your age group.
Prevention & Treatment
Hyperglycemia can only be managed by using both strategies i.e. prevention and treatment. Of course, the balance might be tilted in the favor of one strategy more than the other, depending upon the patient’s blood sugar level profile. However, normally, it is a combination of both strategies that get the job done. Here are some of the commonly advised counter strategies for hyperglycemia:
1- Patients are advised to follow a diabetic meal plan. This is especially for those patients who rely on insulin for managing their blood sugar levels. Timing plays a key role here, diabetic patients need to ensure that they are giving insulin enough time to work properly.
2- Hyperglycemic patients are advised to monitor their blood sugar levels all the time. Daily. Weekly. Monthly. Checks have to be made regularly to ensure that blood sugar levels are within the normal range, all the time. Alarm bells must be rung in case blood sugar levels exceed or stoop below the normal threshold.
3- Keeping a balance between physical exertion and medications is extremely important as well. Overdoing one thing as compared to the other may do more harm than good to a diabetic patient’s cause.
4- Taking oral medications prescribed by the doctor on time is necessary as well.
5- Avoiding substandard artificial sweeteners is highly recommended. More often they not, these inferior quality products are the reason behind hyperglycemic complications.
The cost of treatment is significantly high when it comes to treating hyperglycemia complications. But thanks to organizations like Transparent Hands, the underprivileged patients still have a hope to rely on!
Let us familiarize you a bit with this organization’s doings in the concluding remarks of this discussion. When it comes to crowdfunding for health, there is no platform bigger than Transparent Hands in Pakistan. The range of healthcare services offered by Transparent Hands is astoundingly vast. From medical and surgical treatments to medical camps and telehealth facilities, the NGO makes sure that the underprivileged Pakistanis have access to quality healthcare services. The NGO believes in creating a patient-donor bond while making sure that the protocols of transparency aren’t breached at any point. The NGO realizes the need for free medical camps in the rural areas, hence it actively sets up such camps as well. To donate, donors can log in to the Transparent Hands crowdfunding web portal from anywhere in the world. Payment modes are one hundred percent secure. Every donor has absolute freedom in selecting and funding patients of their choice. The NGO makes sure that regular updates until complete recovery are sent to the concerned donor.
That would be all from this discussion. Reading more about hyperglycemia and how it can be prevented and managed is imperative for diabetic patients. But there are no restrictions as far as learning about things goes. So make sure that you are well aware of the risk factors and symptoms of hyperglycemia. We hope that this discussion helped clear some of the ambiguities you might have had about the topic. On this optimistic note, we bid you farewell from this space.